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According to analyst firm Messari, most active Ethereum nodes are in the hands of centralized web providers, such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), which can “target Ethereum through central nodes.” The three major cloud solution providers account for 69% of hosted nodes on the core Ethereum network, with more than 50% coming from Amazon Web Services (AWS), more than 15% from Hetzner, and 4.1% from OVH. Ethernodes figures show that Oracle (4.1%), Alibaba (3.9%) and Google (3.5%) also provide web hosting services on Ethereum.
In its December 2020 report, Messari drew attention to the fact that the high cost of node infrastructure can make Ethereum vulnerable. Now the analytical company is concerned about the situation around Solana. As reported by Messari, 72% of Solana’s major nodes are in the hands of the same centralized web providers as Ethereum nodes.
According to Ethernode, the nodes are most geographically concentrated in the US (46.4%) and Germany (13.4%), accounting for almost 60% of the distributed Ethereum nodes worldwide. Thus, the intervention of the government of one of these two countries can seriously affect the decentralization of Ethereum.
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