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Analytical company Messari, having studied the interaction of cloud companies and key projects of smart contracts, came to the conclusion that Ethereum and Solana are highly dependent on web providers.
Most of the active Ethereum nodes are hosted on the servers of centralized cloud solution providers, such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), which can “affect Ethereum through central nodes.”
“The three main cloud solution providers account for 69% of the major Ethereum nodes,” analysts said in a statement.
According to Messari, more than 50% of nodes are accounted for by Amazon Web Services (AWS), more than 15% by Hetzner and 4.1% by OVH. In addition, according to Ethernodes, the main nodes of Ethereum are controlled by Oracle (4.1%), Alibaba (3.9%) and Google (3.5%).
Back in a December 2020 report, Messari noted that the high cost of node infrastructure could make Ethereum vulnerable. Now, the analyst firm’s concern about centralizing blockchains extends to Solana as well.
“72% of Solana’s core nodes are hosted by the same cloud solution providers as Ethereum nodes,” Messari said in a statement.
According to Ethernodes, the main nodes of Ethereum are geographically concentrated in the United States (46.4%) and Germany (13.4%). Thus, the intervention of the government of one of these two countries can seriously affect the decentralization of Ethereum.
Back in 2018, researchers at Cornell University concluded that the two most popular blockchains – Bitcoin and Ethereum – are not as decentralized as they seem.
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